Borana and Gujii, the two closest Oromo communities well known to share numerous similarities, have coexisted without major conflict for centuries. However, recently this character has dispread and conflicts between the two communities have become a norm. While the driving force for these new phenomena is not clear, it seems to escalate the last twenty years. Particularly, the allocation of Liban wereda under Gujii zone has become a catalyst for the discontent in the region. Recently, the aggression initiated by Gujii militia against Borans inhabiting Liban wereda, particularly areas surrounding Negelle Borana town, has been deterred successfully. Previously Ardajila has consecutively reported about the change and reinstallation of Nagelle Boran town name. Thank you for your update. It is a public record that Gujii zone administration has been hostile against Borans inhabiting Liban warada. Particularly, they have been advocating for change of Nagelle Borana name by removing the word “Borana”. While the intension behind the hostile move by Gujii zonal administration and recently by their militia force is not clear, it is frustrating and hurting locals in the region, Boran, Guji and others impartially. Basically, Guji Zone administration obsession with this issue has slowed progress of the region dramatically. Above all the recent conflict indicates that the administration has given up all legal means and changing strategy towards use of force. Please, note that this comment is not analyzing a deed of Guji community, rather it analyze a deed of Guji Zone administration.
Dhamsa Jaarolee Oromo, walhadhicha Liibani kessatti thaheefi
Justice Prevailed: Long live Nagelle Borana
The Gujii Zonal administration has been ordered to restore the original name of Nagelle Borana. Previously, ardajila reported that mysteriously, Nagelle Borana Hospital name board was found whitened one morning. Before this incident, several other institutions name board has been changed by removing the word “Borana” from descriptions. However, this action was challenged by Boran society. The challenge has bear fruit and Gujii zonal administration has been directed to include the word “Borana” in every appropriate places. Authorities have emphasized that the land belongs to Borana-Oromo and any change to indicate otherwise is not acceptable. In addition, there is indication that the Oromiya regional authorities are looking for the person/s responsible for this action.
This victory could have not been possible without the determination of Borana elders who worked hard to bring about this issue to attention. The society commends their hard work and wishes them good luck on continuing struggle for justice, the first one being returning Liban under Borana Zone. In addition, the Borana society is thankful for the federal and Oromia zonal authorities who helped justice to prevail.
ONE YEAR ON; HOW THE 2013 ELECTIONS WERE LOST
It’s almost a year, since the Kenyan general elections of March 3, 2013. Like most other counties around the nation, Marsabit County election outcome has received mixed reaction from different communities. Indeed Borana community is not satisfied by the result. Before we proceed to examine the cause of this particular election outcome, let us revisit some basic facts;
Under current setting, Marsabit County has four constituencies: Saku, Moyale, North Horr and Laisamis. Saku and Moyale, which are regarded as an economic hub of the county, have traditionally been Boran strongholds.
The Actors, the Contests and the Interest
THE STORY BEHIND STORIES
The content of this paper is based on observations and outcomes of discussions the author had with various people from Marsabit County in general and mostly with those from Moyale. Included in this paper are also information gleaned from local media reports on Moyale conflict and write-ups posted on various websites. This paper is not an objective research work as such but it is more of personal reflection and interpretation of the information received which seem to lean more on perspective shared by most people who are sympathetic to Borans cause in the on-going conflict
The author begins by giving a brief historical overview of Marsabit County with focus on fluctuating relationships between its communities at various times. He goes to narrate highlights of key events that fed directly into escalation of current conflict. An insight analysis of key actors in the conflict including their role and objective are aptly captured. After pointing out what he sees as the limitations and shortcoming of past attempts at resolving conflicts in the north, he offers the suggestions on possible resolutions mechanism with immediate shot term and long term time frame.
Leaders Move To End Marsabit Skirmishes
In a bid to end perennial fighting among communities living in Marsabit County, leaders from the area have come up with tough measures aimed at preventing the fighting
The leaders at a meeting held today agreed to slap a fine of Ksh 5M against any community that will break the ceasefire reached today. The leaders were meeting for the first time with two reconciliators, Francis ole Kaparo and Senator Yusuf Haji who were appointed by President Uhuru Kenyatta yesterday
Uhuru gives Marsabit leaders ultimatum on peace
By KAZUNGU CHAI, Capital News
NAIROBI, Kenya, Feb President Uhuru Kenyatta has appointed former National Assembly Speaker, Francis ole Kaparo, and Garissa Senator Yusuf Haji to mediate between the warring groups in Marsabit County and report back to him within a week. The President picked the two when he hosted leaders from communities in Marsabit County at State House for peace talks to end the crisis.
KENYAN GOVERNMENT TO ADDRESS MARSABIT CHAOS ONCE AND FOR ALL
The jubilee government led by President Uhuru Kenyatta is seeking to stem the violence that has rocked Marsabit County. The county made headlines again after a new wave of violence that hit Moyale and parts of North Horr.
Last week, the president held a meeting attended by Borana leaders at state house, Nairobi. The president had earlier met with the same leaders in Mombasa. In attendance were other top government officials including house majority leader Adan Duale and senate majority leader Kithure Kindiki amongst others. The president had given the delegation an unprecedented five hours, clearing his schedule for much of the afternoon.
“The president is really focused on sorting out the mess in the county,” said our source, “he is keen on ensuring that the destruction of lives and property come to an immediate halt and those responsible be brought to book.” The president was reported to be furious at the events in the county and the inability of the leadership to bring the communities together. Read more………………………………………………..
Raaba-Gadaa leaders vow to complete the ritual that was disrupted by recent attack from neighboring Gujii-Oromo community.
Recently Ardajila reported a horrible attack on Booran pilgrims traveling to perform a routine ritual. The ritual known as Kormaa- Korbeessa is one of several common activities carried out by Gadaa leaders. While such rituals are always took place with no interference, the recent one was interrupted by group of gangs from Gujii-Oromo community, who killed four of the pilgrims. However, despite a furious attack from the gang, the pilgrims were able to perform the ritual partially.
After burying their dead Raaba-Gadaa leaders have declared that the ritual will be completed, no matter the cost. In accordance, Raabaa- Gadaa leaders are set to travel to the same site and complete the ritual within two days.
While the region is still under tense situation, Gujii and Booran elders have engaged in informal talk to assess what went wrong. In addition, locals who are following the situation closely indicated that Gujii community leaders have presented several individuals believed to be part of the attack. However, the formal talk will resume only after completion of the interrupted ritual, for Raaba-Gadaa leaders are not willing to engage in any serious discussion until a mission the pilgrims initiated is complete.
While the peace talk is in an early stage and it is not certain how the evil deed against Gadaa system, an icon of pride for Booran and other Oromo groups, orchestrated, locals suspect it is a work of third party. The Boran zone administrator Mr. Abara Ayele, famously known as Abalaki by locals, has been accused of promoting conflict in the region, specifically targeting Booran community.
The cases against Moyale MP Roba Duba and member of Marsabit County Assembly Golicha Guyo has been postponed to a later date in March after the prosecution said it needed more time to prepare evidence against the two.
The two had earlier been arraigned before the Nairobi Chief Magistrate on December 15th 2013 and charged with inciting Borana youths to violence, in an event that led to the looting and subsequent burning of of a truck ferrying goods to Moyale. The prosecutor and senior superintendent of police Brigid Kanyai had at the time claimed that they had a strong case against Mr. Duba and his co-accused Mr. Golicha. She said 15 witnesses were ready to testify.
But in a turn of events, the case seems to be faltering as the prosecution now claims to have insufficient evidence and would need more time to strengthen their case. This is despite the fact that it has been over month since the prosecution first said they were ready to proceed to trial. It remains unclear what new evidence the prosecution is after but we will be following the proceedings for you closely.
The two still maintain their innocence and are out on a cash bail of 100,000KES each
It is with great sorrow that ArdaJilaa reports the horrible attack on Boran pilgrims traveling to a ritual site at Malka Sooda, near Ya’aballa town, Borana Zone, Oromiya region. According to the initial information we received, four of the pilgrims have been killed and four were missing, while the rest made it home safely. However, the latest information indicates that all the missing individuals have been rescued after spending agonizing days in the jungle. Although the attackers were not captured two individuals from Gujii-oromo have been found dead among the bodies discovered. This is an indication that the attackers could be from Gujii community. The locals reported that Gbras and Gujii villages around the crime scene were evacuated days before the attack. The evacuation of villages from the two communities prior to the attack strongly suggests the attack is pre-planned and may be a collaborative effort by a group from Gabras and Gujiis. Read more………………………………………………………….
On January 23, 2014 ESAT television reported that Borana community in Boran Zone, Oromia region displaced Burjis from their land. The Borana Community categorically rejects the allegation and denounces the report. The information provided is not only baseless but also divisive. This is unacceptable conduct by any medium which claims to be fair and impartial. What was reported by Ms GAlila Mokenen on January 23, 2014 is careless act that promotes a conflict in the region. The report is one sided and indicates that ESAT is a propaganda machine than a respected and credible medium. Furthermore, we advise ESAT television editors to carefully asses their material before making it available to public. Here are some groundless points in the information provided, Read more………………………………………………
Hon. Roba Duba Highlights tha Controversy over County governments employment procedures
The new secretary general of the Kenya county government workers’ union, formerly known as Kenya local government workers union has warned county governments over inappropriate employment procedures. Roba duba who was elected as the unions secretary general in an election conducted in Nakuru county Saturday, warned that governors who have threatened to lay off existing workers for fresh employees are undermining worker’s rights. Duba, who is also the member of parliament for Moyale said governors should stick to the laid down recruitment procedures. He has vowed to negotiate with all the county governors within the existing framework of labour laws to ensure workers’ roles are enhanced
Moyale MP, Hon. Roba Duba set to clinch top union job
By KINYURU MUNUHE, The People
Moyale MP Roba Duba is all but poised to clinch the coveted position of secretary general of the giant Kenya County Governments Workers Union. The former Nairobi Town Clerk has won the support of seven out of the eight regions that comprise the union’s National Delegates Conference. At the final stage of the nomination held in Mombasa a week ago, his only competitor in the race, Michael Wachira, failed to secure a proposer and seconder. Read more………………………
BORANA IMMIGRANTS FROM SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA (1902)
Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, was the gateway for millions of immigrants to the United States as the nation’s busiest immigrant inspection station from 1892 until 1925. Augustus F. Sherman, a clerk at Ellis Island, created hundreds of images documenting the new arrivals to America at the Island. Two of his photographs were a portrait posted above. Who are this people and how did they arrive in Ellis Island, New York. Some analysts suggest that they have been taken to New York as a part of exhibition of different ethnic groups from Africa.
Dear Ardajila followers,
We hope 2013 has been a productive and enjoyable year for all of you. As a website focused on sharing important information about the Boran society, we have been working hard to bringing up-to-date news and opinions to our audience. Although information has been shared as news or opinions, the objective is to use this forum as a means of exposing the plight of our society. We believe that sharing our plight with each other as well as the world will help to bring forward better solutions. It is not a secret that a society with no voice could be marginalized and suffer silently, particularly, in this fast changing and politicized world. Thus, it is important that each of us stand up and be a voice for our society. Read more…………………………………………………….
By Geoffrey Mosoku, Standard digital
Nairobi, Kenya: President Uhuru Kenyatta has once again disregarded a public outcry and appointed leaders who lost in the last elections to chair the boards of 10 State corporations, setting the stage for a potentially explosive backlash from Jubilee supporters. Uhuru and his Deputy William Ruto’s top allies have been rewarded in the appointments that also saw his competitor in the 2013 presidential election Mohamed Abduba Dida being rewarded. In what is likely to cause a new storm within the Jubilee ranks, the President has picked politicians who lost in the last General Election for the lucrative positions even as he appointed one of his lawyers to head a parastatal. Six of the ten appointees are allies of the President and his deputy who contested and lost in the March 4, 2013 poll.A special gazette notice dated December 31, 2013 indicates that Dida has been appointed chairman of the Constituency Development Board (CDF) to replace Jennifer Nafula Barasa. He will serve for a period of eight months.
By LILLIAN ALUANGA-DELVAUX and JACOB NG’ETICH. Standard Digital
Mr Mohamud Mohamed Ali will now chair the Board of the National Hospital Insurance Fund, while Mr Abdul Bahari takes over as chair of the Tana and Athi River Development Authority.
Ethiopia accused of stoking Moyale clashes
By ALI ABDI, Standard Digital
Moyale, Kenya: Borana leaders have accused the Ethiopian military of fueling the conflict in the border town of Moyale. MPs Ali Rasso (Saku), Roba Duba ( Moyale) and Mohamud Ali, a former Moyale MP, Sunday claimed Ethiopia was using its military and local militias to hunt down Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) rebels. Read more………………………..
Five more killed as gunfire rocks Moyale town
By Liban Golicha
Five more people are feared dead as heavy gun battle rocked Moyale town on Thursday for a second day, causing hundreds of families to flee to Ethiopia. The killings came even as the government finally dispatched the military to quell the situation in Marsabit county, after a go-ahead was granted by Parliament. Moyale MP Roba Duba claimed that five more people had been killed and more than 20 others injured in the battle between Gabra and Burji on one side and Borana on the other.
Read more at: Standard Digital………………………………………………………………..
The Darkest Periods for Borana
The leadership of “Abara Ayele’ and the consequent demise of good governance in Borana zone
In 21st century, the era of so-called nascent “democracy & democratic leadership”, good governance is central to the political administration. As such, at the place and situation where this could be realistically exercised, it is time to move from dark to light. The good governance heavily depends on the whole processes of administration, socio-economic developments, political situation, and so on. Read more………………………………………………………
By Tadhi Liban
Mr. Sora was born in 1940 from his father Mr. Jarso Sabo and mother Mrs. Safoy Jarso in Borbor locality, present Borana Zone (years in the document are in Gregorian calendar). His exact date of birth was unknown, as the family did not keep a written record. He had four brothers among whom he was second in birth. He grew up in the family home through the process that every Borana child undergoes. Read more……………………
Marsabit Leaders Fear for Renewed Clashes
By Kennedy Kangethe
Jubilee leaders from Marsabit County have urged the government to appoint a committee to investigate the real issues that are causing the unending conflict in the County. The leaders condemned the ongoing vicious cycle of tribal clashes in the county that has resulted to senseless killings of innocent lives and destruction of property with thousands of Moyale residents forced to seek refuge in the neighboring country of Ethiopia. Read more……………………………………………………………….
Why the Nagelle Borana Hospital Name board is Blank?
Nagelle Boran hospital name board whited out leaving the hospital nameless.
Japanese Dr. Lookoo Dubaa (her adopted Borana-Oromo name) discusses about Gadaa system in Afaan Borana-Oromo
Kenyan 2007 – 2008 election ended with violence that took lives of hundreds and displaced tens of thousands. The destruction of the violence both in term of social and economical loose is still fresh in the mind of every Kenyan citizen. However, with the intervention of the international community particularly the US and the EU among others, Kenyans finally came to the negotiation table. To their credit, Kenyan leaders took this opportunity and forged a concrete path for peace. Read more……………….
- Corporal Nura Ali’s wife saw him hurt on TV
- What is the take away from 2013 Kenyan election and the conflict in Marsabit County?
- Mr. Soraa Jaarso passed away on September while recovering from surgery.
- Press Statement Issued by Moyale MP, Hon. Roba Duba
- Moyale remains ghost town after 12 die in Fridays gun battle
- Moyale deserted as rival sides engage in heavy gun battle for hours
- Governor and area MPs in Moyale Amidst raging violance
- A New Book by Professor Gufu Obaa
- Surge of Violence In Moyale Claims Three More Lives
- Former Borana Zone Administrator Kanu Jillo released
- Joint CSO Statement on the Killing of Guyo, a Human Rights Defender
- Hassan Alii Guyoo, a Moyale Activist was Killed while protesting injustice
- Odituu Qaallu, aabba Kura Tuutto passed away after battling cancer for years.
- Dr Hassan Wario Arero Nominated for Cabinet Secretary in Ministry of Sports, Culture and Arts
- Mother of aba gada Guyyo Gobba deceased after prolonged illness
- Decision 2013- Saku Constituency
- Dida unveils his party’s four-point manifesto
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